a b d g i j l m n r t u w y


W – w

waandu   nominal. hut, humpy. Category: Artifacts.

waandu mangana   nominal. hut, humpy. Category: Artifacts, Gun.gunma.

wabada   nominal. goanna, water. Category: Animals: Reptiles and Amphibians.

WAB- (1)   Variant: WABA-. verb. smell. transitive: YHA. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME waba’yha s/he smelt it. waba’wuda they smelt it. Category: Verbs: Body Functions.

WAB- (2)   Variant: WABA-. verb. smell. intransitive: RA. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME wab’ay it smelt. wab’burray they smelt. Category: Verbs: Body Functions.

wadanyi   nominal. star. Category: Country.

wadawiy   nominal. spotted nightjar. Category: Mythology. biyirri wadawiy-ingga the spotted nightjar. guru ngangga’yanbida Wadawiy biyirri Jirrin.gin biyirri Jirrin.gin they gave us our skin group names Spotted Nightjar and Owlet Nightjar. Category: Animals: Birds.

WADBA-   verb. get, catch, catch a cold, arrest, buy. transitive: MA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X wadba’ma s/he got it. wadba’wurrma they got it. Wad’jay nyirramu, wad’jay milha wadba’ma wanjirri. One of them went, he went and got him kangaroo meat. Rarrgu wadba’wuluma benjin rarrgi ngarragi. I have to get my pension money. Category: Verbs: Impact. [Knight (1/97, 2/98:p.5)]

WAD- (1)   Variant: WADGA-; WADBA-. verb. take. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wad’gira s/he took it. wad’burra they took it. wad’binagiyarra maybe she will take all of us. wad’bunbirrangarri wulayawu. They took them to court. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WAD- (2)   Variant: WADGA-; WADBA-. verb. come. intransitive: RA. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME wad’jayali s/he came. wad’burrayali they came. Ngurrunhingi wad’jayali ngayi giywurrmiynthangarringarragi ngayini baburru yatha’ngay. Then he came this way but they didn’t tell me so I was still sitting down below. Category: Verbs: Motion.

WAD- (3)   verb. go. intransitive: RA. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME wad’jay s/he went. wad’burray they went. Maaningarri, baburruyarra maali wad’biyirraygi. Tomorrow, we (exclusive) all might go down to the creek. Nyirrami wad’burranthangarri nhaayawu. The two would go to another place for sugarbag. Category: Verbs: Motion.

wajarri   nominal. boab nut. Category: Food and Cooking. wad’burrayngarri wajarri wirama’wirrangarri larrgariy they would go and get that boab nut. Category: Plants.

walamba   nominal. kangaroo, big white. Category: Animals: Mammals.

WALANGGALA-   verb. lose, forget. transitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE walanggala’wunu s/he lost it. walanggala’wurrunu they lost it. Walanggala’wurrunintha nyirrayuwa duluga’waniy. They forgot about him there and he died. [mj7.20] Category: Verbs: Body Functions.

walarri   nominal. snappy gum, gum, snappy, ghost gum, gum, ghost. Burradi nyirraji walarri wara’rangarri, minmid’bunbirranyangarri jiralinhingi. That snappy gum tree isn’t there any more, but they used to chain people to it before. Category: Plants.

walawulu   nominal. son (for man or woman), daughter (for woman). Category: People, Gun.gunma.

walay   Variant: walyay. nominal. small, few, little. (Pwaaaaa) miy giyga’ni yaninga ngilwa, (na) rarrgi walay yatha’wurrantha baburru garuwayuwa. He said (pwaaaa) and came back to life then, now there are two small rocks down there in the water. Category: Describers.

WALA-   verb. cry. intransitve: RA. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME wala’ray s/he cried. wala’wurray they cried. Ngayini ngirrginyi, wala’ngayngarri milha. Hungry, I’d cry for meat. Category: Verbs: Body Functions.

WALANGGALA-   verb. forget. transitive: WU2. Note: BECOME walanggala’niy s/he became forgetful. walanggala’wudiy they became forgetful. Category: Verbs: Body Functions.

WALGARA-   verb. summons. transitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE walgara’wunu s/he summonsed him/her. walgara’wurrunu they summonsed him/her. [Knight (2/98:p.64)] Category: Verbs: Speech.

WAYHAGA-   verb. wipe clean. transitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE wayhaga’wunu s/he wiped it clean. wayhaga’wurrunu they wiped it clean. [Knight (2/98:p.57)] Category: Verbs: Impact.

walibirri   nominal. river, Fitzroy River. walibirri gandawa’wurrayntha jarrangarringga birayga’wurrayntha the two waded into the Fitzroy River and came out on the other side. Category: Country.

walimarrgu   nominal. butterfly, moth. Category: Animals: Insects and Spiders.

waliwali   nominal. sides. Category: Describers.

walinggani   adverb. partially, half-way. Category: Time and Location.

walyarra   nominal. sand, sugar. Category: Food and Cooking. Ngarranggani gurama wad’jay mulu gandaya’niybiyirrangi nyirraji walyarra. A Dreamtime man went along and his eyes went bad on them at that sand bar. Category: Country.

walyay   Variant: walay. nominal. small, few. Category: Describers.

wambala   manner adverb. slowly, gradually. Wambala gaynga nyana’ninyangarri ngangga’yhangarri nyaanyiway niyingga, dalja’wuniyngarri, ngawunguinggaway nhi. After she had very slowly grown up her father, who had reared her, would give her to his nephew. Category: Time and Location.

WAMULA-   verb. pained, become. intransitive: NI. Note: BECOME wamula’niy s/he became pained. wamula’wudiy they became pained. [Knight (2/98:p.30)] Category: Verbs: Body Functions.

wanamindi   nominal. root. Category: Plants.

wanbinyi (1)   nominal. eyebrow. Category: People, Gun.gunma.

wanbinyi (2)   nominal. wallaby. Note: check with mo with whats going on here This wallaby has black at the tip of its tail. Nail tailed wallaby? Category: Animals: Mammals.

WANDAYGA- (1)   Variant: WANDAY-. verb. carry (on shoulder). transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wanday’gira s/he carried it on shoulders. wanday’gurra they carried it on shoulders. Birrga’limiynyangarri wandayga’nginmangarri ngawunguingga ngarragiingga, budayuwa wanday’nginangarri. When I’d get tired my father would lift me up onto his shoulder, he’d carry me on his shoulder. Category: Verbs: Holding and Transfer.

WANDAYGA- (2)   Variant: WANDAY-. verb. pick up and shoulder-carry. transitive: MA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X wandayga’ma s/he picked up and shoulder-carried it. wandayga’wurrma they picked it up and shoulder-carried it. Birrga’limiynyangarri wandayga’nginmangarri ngawunguingga ngarragiingga budayuwa. When I became tired my father would lift me up onto his shoulder and carry me. Category: Verbs: Holding and Transfer.

WANGANG- (1)   verb. transitive: RA2. not know. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME wangang’gira s/he didn’t know it. wangang’burra they didn’t know it. Category: Verbs: Speech.

WANGANG- (2)   verb. intransitive:  not know. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME wangang’jay s/he didn’t know. wangang’burray they didn’t know. Juga, di wa,ang’jiyirraynhingi. We didn’t know sugar or tea. Category: Verbs: Speech.

WANGGALA- (1)   verb. intransitive: NI. tired, become. Note: DO WITH BODY wanggala’niy s/he became tired. wanggala’wudiy they became tired. Category: Verbs: Speech.

WANGGALA- (2)   verb. tire. intransitive: MA. Note: DO WITH BODY wanggala’miy s/he tired. wanggala’wurrmiy they tired. Niy wariyga’waninyangarri gamanba’ray wanggala’minyangarri. But when Kitehawk would go out hunting he would just tire. Category: Verbs: State and Change of State.

wanggu   nominal. yam, potato, bush. Category: Food and Cooking. gurrij’giyirra wanggu we would tend that yam. nyirrajiingga dalja’inbini wanggu we grew up on that yam. Category: Plants.

wangini   nominal. dead. Category: Describers.

wanjali   Variant: wanyjali. nominal. leaf. can refer to tea leaf. wuluyuwangana wanjaliyuwa wurrga’yangarringarragi he’d put it onto paperbark or leaves for me. Category: Plants, Food and Cooking.

wanjirri   Variant: wanyjirri. nominal. kangaroo, river. Winthali darrawa wirriyga’mangarri milha wanjirri. He’d dig a hole for cooking the kangaroo meat. Category: Animals: Mammals.

WANYALA- (1)   verb. throw. transitive: NGARRI. Note: VIEW wanyala’ngarriy s/he threw it. wanyala’wurrarriy they threw it. Category: Gun.gunma, Verbs: Impact.

WANYALA- (2)   verb. throw, get, catch, take. intransitive: MAL+NI. Note: VIEW wanyala’maniy s/he threw. wanyala’malbudiy they threw. Category: Gun.gunma, Verbs: Impact.

WANYALA- (3)   verb. get, catch, pick up. intransitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE wanyala’wunu s/he got it. wanyala’wurrunu they got it. Category: Gun.gunma, Verbs: Impact.

WANYALA- (4)   verb. put, put in place. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wanyala’ra s/he placed it. wanyala’wurra they placed it. Category: Gun.gunma, Verbs: Impact.

wanyay   nominal. Variant: walyay; walay. small, few. Category: Describers.

WARARA-   verb. walk around. intransitive: RA. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME warara’ray s/he walked around. warara’wurray they walked around. thawunumiya warara’ray. Only ants were left to walk around. Category: Verbs: Motion.

WARA-   verb. stand, be. intransitive: RA. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME wara’ray s/he stood. wara’wurray they stood. Wara’ra dalawurru gurriyg’a. He stands there holding a stone axe. Category: Verbs: State and Change of State.

waridjmili   nominal. killer, murderer. literally ‘kill-good at’ – good at killing. warijmili warijmili warij’bunbirrangarri gurama they were killers – killers – they killed the Aborigines. Category: Describers.

WARIJGA-   verb. go around, get behind. intransitive: WU. Note: SOURCE FOCUSSED MOTION waga’waniy s/he went around. waga’wurraniy they went around. Category: Verbs: Motion. [Knight (NSM hard copy draft 7/98)]

WARIJ- (1)   Variant: WARIDJ-. verb. kill. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME warij’gira s/he killed it. warij’burra they killed it. ngawungu ngarragi wad’jayngarri milha warij’girangarri, warij’gira,ngarri. My father would go and kill game, he’d kill it. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WARIJ- (2)   verb. Variant: WARIDJ-. kill. transitive: MA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X warij’ma s/he killed it. warij’burrma they killed it. Warij’burrmantha lundungarriingga. The two killed it with a stick. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WARIRRA- (1)   verb. Variant: WARIRR-. scratch. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME warirra’ra s/he scratched him/her. warirra’wurra they scrathed him/her. Category: Verbs: State and Change of State.

WARIRRA- (2)   verb. itch. intransitive: RA. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME warirr’ay s/he itched. warirr’burray they itched. Category: Verbs: State and Change of State.

WARIRRA- (3)   verb. scratch. intransitive: MA. Note: DO WITH BODY warirra’miy s/he scratched. warirra’wurrma they scratched. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WARIYGA- (1)   verb. Variant: WARIYDJGA-; WARIYJGA-. start out for, leave for, leave. transitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE wariyga’wunu s/he started out for it. wariyga’wurrunu they started out for it. Niy warijga’wurrunigingarri nhaayawu. That other lot they had started out for sugarbag. Category: Verbs: Motion.

WARIYGA- (2)   Variant: WARIYDJGA-; WARIYJGA-. verb. start out, start going, shift oneself. intranstive: WU. Note: SOURCE FOCUSSED MOTION wariyga’waniy s/he started out. wariyga’wurraniy they started out. Ngag’ilangarri milha yaninja gudangarri warijga’luwaniy burij’ngayngarri. I used to eat until I was full and then I shifted out and would go and play. Category: Verbs: Motion.

warra   adverb. later, by and by, future. Miynhingi warra wurrga’wulayhanganggi. He’d say to him “some day I’ll provide (a wife) for you”. Category: Time and Location.

warramba   nominal. flood water. wuruga’winag jibirri warrambaingga the flood water took them away – downstream. Wuruga’winag jibirri warrambaingga. The flood water took them away downstream. Category: Country.

warrana   nominal. wedge-tailed eagle, eaglehawk (col.) Warranaingga wariyga’waniy dangayga’wuni milha Eaglehawk went out and killed meat. Category: Animals: Birds.

warraynga   adverb. after a while. Category: Time and Location.

warrba   nominal. spear, barbed. Category: Artifacts.

WARRBA-   verb. flog. transitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE warrba’wunu s/he flogged him/her. warrba’wurrunu they flogged him/her. Category: Verbs: Impact.

warrgali   nominal. tree, wattle, wattle tree. Category: Plants.

warrulu   Variant: warrwulu. nominal. coolibah tree, tree, coolibah. Category: Plants.

WARRWALA- (1)   Variant: WIRRALA-. verb. intransitive: WU. fall. Note: SOURCE FOCUSSED MOTION warrwala’waniy s/he fell. warrwala’wurraniy they fell. Category: Gun.gunma, Verbs: Motion.

WARRWALA- (2)   Variant: WIRRALA-. verb. intransitive: MAL+NI. fall. Note: SOURCE FOCUSSED MOTION warrwala’maniy s/he fell. warrwala’malbudiy they fell. Category: Gun.gunma, Verbs: Motion.

WATHAYGA-   verb. go in, enter. intransitive: WU. Note: SOURCE FOCUSSED MOTION wathayga’waniy s/he went in. wathayga’wurraniy they went in. Category: Verbs: Motion.

wathila   adverb. nearby, close by. Category: Time and Location.

WATHILA-   verb. move in close, close in. intransitive: WU. Note: SOURCE FOCUSSED MOTION wathila’waniy s/he moved in close. Wathila’wuluwaniy. I’ve got to move in close (to the fire). Category: Verbs: Motion.

wawanyi   nominal. goanna, small. Category: Animals: Reptiles and Amphibians. See: muju. Dangayga’wunu wawanyi biyirrantha. He killed small goannas for the two of them. Category: Food and Cooking.

WAYA- (1)   verb. call out. calling out to cause a problem. transitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE waya’wunu s/he called out to him/her. waya’wurrunu they called out to him/her. Nyuwali wad’burrayngarribiyirra biyirra waya’wunduwunungarri. Coming from that side they went to them and they called out to them. Category: Verbs: Speech.

WAYA- (2)   verb. call out. intransitive: MA. Note: DO WITH BODY waya’miy s/he called out. waya’wurrmiy they called out. Buga waya’wurrmiyngarribiyirranggi. They’d call out to them, to their kids. Category: Verbs: Speech.

WAYA- (3)   Variant: WAYI-. verb. call out. calling out repeatedly. intransitive: RA. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME waya’ray s/he kept calling out. waya’wurray they kept calling out. Waya’wurraynthanhi jarrangarringga. They kept calling out to him from the other side. “Nhaa ngindaji, nhaa ngindaji!” wayi’wurraybiyirrantha. “Here’s sugarbag, here’s sugarbag!” they were calling out to the two. Category: Verbs: Speech.

WA- (1)   Variant: WAWA-. verb. singe. such as singing the hair off a carcass. transitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE wa’wunu s/he singed it. wa’wurrunu they singed it. wa’wuningarri bandaliala yaninja he would burn the hair off first. Wa’wunu ban[aliala yaninja. He singed the hair off first. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WA- (2)   Variant: WAWA-. verb. such as singing the hair off a carcass. singe. transitive: YHA. Note: CAUSATIVE wawa’yha s/he singed it. wawa’wuda they singed it. milha wawa’yha she singed the carcass. milha wawa’yha. She singed the carcass. Category: Verbs: Impact.

widigi   nominal. stick insect. Category: Animals: Insects and Spiders.

WIDJAL-   verb. jerk. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME widjal’a s/he jerked it. widjal’wurra they jerked it. Category: Verbs: Impact.

wilagurru   interjection. alright, finished, that’s all, completely. Barrbarra’burrayni, wilagurru, junba burij’birrangarri. They painted themselves up, right, they danced the corroboree. Category: Interjections.

WIYHARRA-   verb. come outside, born, become. intransitive: NI. Note: BECOME wiyharra’niy s/he became born. wiyharra’wudiy they became born. Buga wirrayha’niynyangarri ngayi gurama birayga’iywirraningarri. When a child was being born no men were allowed to come close. Category: Verbs: State and Change of State.

wiliwili   nominal. fishing line. Ngarranyi wad’jayngarringarragi wiliwili garra’rangarri. My mother would go and chuck a fishing line. Category: Artifacts.

wina   question word. any? Wina mayi wuba’yangirrangi? Is there any cooked tucker for us? Category: Interrogatives and Quantification.

windi   nominal. charcoal. Category: Food and Cooking.

windingilngil   nominal. spark, coals, red hot, welding sparks. See: birrgi; mara; ginjili; wumbularri; wumulu. Category: Food and Cooking. [Knight (2/98:p.47)]

winjala   nominal. head. Category: Body Parts, Gun.gunma.

winjarugu   nominal. soakwater. Category: Country.

winthali   nominal. fire, firewood, matches. Ngarrangganiyaingga gayiingga yawaga’ngarriy, winthali baburru yawaga’ngarri. The Dreamtime crocodile kept fire hidden away, he hid it way down deep. Ngarranyiway wariyga’waniy, winthali dimindimin.ga’wunu barrgabarrga’ya. Their mother went away, collected firewood and made a fire. Category: Food and Cooking.

WINTHARRA-   verb. clean, clear away rubbish. transitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE wintharra’wunu s/he cleared away rubbish. wintharra’wurrunu they cleared away rubbish. Muway nyana wintharri’wurrunungarri. They’d clean up the big house. [Knight (1/97, 2/98:p.56)] Category: Verbs: Impact.

winyi   nominal. neck, throat. Guramamiya minmid’bunbirrangarri winyiyuwa. They only chained the men around the neck. Category: Body Parts.

WINYI-   verb. hear, listen to. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME winyi’ra s/he listened to him/her. winyi’wurra they listened to him/her. Bugayani winyi’wunggirragi ngindaji wula. Children listen to this story of mine. Warrana winyi’wurra “gilaag gilaag” miy rawurra. Up above they hear Eaglehawk say “gilaag gilaag.” When this verb is preceded by the negating particle ngayi the meaning that is conveyed is that you are ignoring the person who is talking. For example, ngayi winyi’iya: ‘He never listens to him.’, that is, ‘He ignores him’. Category: Verbs: Body Functions.

winyjiy   nominal. rain. Category: Country.

WIRAMA-   verb. forage, gather. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wirama’ra s/he gathered it. wirama’wurra they gathered it. Yatha’yiyirraygngarri ngarranyi milhangana wirama’rangarri gawiy. We’d sit there and Mum would gather meat and fish. Wad’jiyirrayngarri galwarrguga ngaljaga wirama’wurrangarri. We’d go, they’d go gathering crabs and frogs. Category: Verbs: Holding and Transfer.

wiriyirri   nominal. wallaby, rock. Category: Animals: Mammals.

wirray   nominal. kangaroo (male), big red hill. Category: Animals: Mammals.

WIRRAYA-   verb. talk badly about, denigrate. transitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE wirraya’wunu s/he denigrated him/her. wirraya’wurrunu they denigrated him/her. Category: Verbs: Speech.

wirrili   nominal. hair on head/body. Category: Body Parts.

wirrimalmal   nominal. eyebrow. Category: Body Parts.

WIRRIN.GA-   verb. scrape. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wirrin.ga’ra s/he scraped it. wirrin.ga’wurra they scraped it. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WIRRIYGA- (1)   Variant: WIRRIYG-. verb. scratch, dig. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wirriyga’a s/he scratched it wirriyg’burra they scratched it. Jirali gurama wirriy’birrangarri gorabaringarri. Before, the Bunuba people dug it with a crowbar. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WIRRIYGA- (2)   Variant: WIRRIYG-. verb. dig. transitive: MA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X wirriyga’ma s/he dug it. wirriyga’wurrma they dug it. Winthali darrawa wirriyga’mangarri milha wanjirri. He’d dig a hole for cooking the kangaroo meat. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WIRRIYGWIRRIYGA- (1)   Variant: WIRRIYGWIRRIYG-. verb. write. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wirriygwirriyga’a s/he wrote (and wrote) it. wirriygwirriyg’burra they wrote (and wrote) it. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WIRRIYGWIRRIYGA- (2)   Variant: WIRRIYGWIRRIYG-. verb. write. transitive: MA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X wirriygwirriyga’ma s/he wrote it. wirriygwirriyg’burrma they wrote it. Category: Verbs: Impact.

wirru   nominal. flower (generic). See: malambu. Category: Plants.

WIYG- (1)   verb. shoo away. transitive: YHA. Note: TRANSFER wiyga’yha she shooed him/her away. wiyg’buda they shooed him/her away. Category: Verbs: Impact. [Knight (1/97, 2/98:p.18)]

WIYG- (2)   verb. hunt away, shoo away. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wiyg’gira s/he hunted him/her away. wiyg’burra they hunted him/her away. “Wad’bura!” Wiyg’burragngarri. “Go away!” They shoo him away. Category: Verbs: Impact. [Knight (1/97, 2/98:p.18)]

WIYG- (3)   verb. hunt away, shoo away. transitive: NGARRI. Note: VIEW wiyg’ngarriy s/he hunted him/her away. wiyg’burrarriy they hunted him/her away. [Knight (1/97, 2/98:p.18)] Category: Verbs: Impact.

wiyi   nominal. woman, wife. yumburra wiyi marriagable-aged woman. Category: People.

wiyidiy   nominal. dilly bag, bag. Category: Artifacts.

wiyingarri gurama   nominal. literally ‘woman-with man’ or ‘man with wife’. man, married. Category: People.

WUBA-   verb. cook. transitive: YHA. Note: CAUSATIVE wuba’yha s/he cooked it. wuba’wuda they cooked it. Nyirraji gawiy wuba’liya. I’ve cooked this fish. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WUDGA-   verb. disappear. transitive: YHA. Note: TRANSFER wudga’yha s/he made it disappear. wudga’wuda they made it disappear. [Knight (2/98: p. 6;p.17)] Category: Verbs: Motion.

WUDIJGA- (1)   Variant: WUDIJ-. verb. spear. transitive: MA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X wudij’ma s/he speared it. wudij’burra they speared it. Wad’burrayngarri gawiy wudij’burrmangarri. They’d go and they’d spear fish. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WUDIJGA- (2)   Variant: WUDIJ-. verb. throw spear. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wudij’gira s/he threw a spear at it. wudij’burra they threw a spear at it. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WUGA-   verb. cook. intransitive: MAL+NI. Note: GG marker wuga’maniy s/he cooked. wuga’malbudiy they cooked. Category: Gun.gunma, Verbs: Impact.

WUG-   verb. cook. Variant: WU-. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wug’gira s/he cooked it. wug’burra they cooked it. Wu’birranthangarri milha gaygadj’birranthangarri. The two of them cooked the meat and cut it up. Manggaywayingga wug’angarrinhingi gawiy. His wife would cook the fish for him. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WULALA-   verb. talk at length. intransitive: RA. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME wulala’ray s/he talked at length. wulala’wurray they talked at length. Wulala’wurrayntha Jawiyyuwa jirali Ngarranggani. The two had a long talk at Jawiy, long ago in the Dreamtime. Category: Verbs: Speech.

WULA- (1)   verb. talk to. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wula’ra s/he talked to him/her. wula’wurra they talked to him/her. Category: Verbs: Speech. [Knight (1/97: NSM, Phrases: 1/97:33)]

WULA- (2)   verb. talk badly of, denigrate. transitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE wula’wunu s/he denigrated him/her. wula’wurrunu they denigrated him/her. Category: Verbs: Speech. [Knight (1/97: NSM, Phrases: 1/97:33)]

WULA- (3)   verb. speak. intransitive: MA. Note: DO WITH BODY wula’miy s/he spoke. wula’wurrmiy they spoke. Category: Verbs: Speech. [Knight (1/97: NSM, Phrases: 1/97:33)]

wulu   nominal. paperbark tree, tree, paperbark, paper. Category: Artifact. Wuluyuwangana wanjaliyuwa wurrga’yangarringarragi. He’d put (the hot meat) onto paperbark or leaves for me. Category: Plants.

WULUGA- (1)   Variant: WULUG-. verb. drink, swallow. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wulug’gira s/he drank it. wulug’burra they drank it. Category: Verbs: Body Functions.

WULUGA- (2)   Variant: WULUG-. verb. drink. intransitive: MA. Note: DO WITH BODY wuluga’miy s/he drank. wuluga’wurrmiy they drank. Category: Verbs: Body Functions.

WULUGA- (3)   Variant: WULUG-. verb. swallow. transitive: NGARRI. Note: VIEW wuluga’ngarriy s/he swallowed it. wuluga’wurrarriy they swallowed it. Jiyjajiyja’raybiyirrantha wuluga’,ngarriy. He chased them and he swallowed it (the two). Category: Verbs: Body Functions.

WULUGA- (4)   Variant: WULUG-. verb. drink (and drink). Variant: WULUG-. intransitive: RA. Note: DO WITH BODY OVER TIME wulug’ay s/he drank. wulug’burray they drank. Category: Verbs: Body Functions.

wulungarri   nominal. mob, pack. mob or pack of people, dogs etc. Ngarragi ngawungu wad’jayngarri rawurr’burra tharra wulungarringarri. My father went with his mob of dogs to look around. Category: Describers.

WULWUL-   verb. Variant: WULWULA-. intransitive: MA. pain, be in. Note: DO WITH BODY wulwula’miynhingi it causes him/her pain. wuluwl’burrmiy it causes them pain. Category: Verbs: Body Functions.

wumbarra   nominal. hip. Category: Body Parts.

wumbularri   coals, hot. Category: Food and Cooking. See: birrgi; mara; ginjili; windingilngil; wumulu.

wumilay   particle. no, not. Category: Gun.gunma.

wumulu   nominal. coals, hot. Category: Food and Cooking. See: birrgi; mara; ginjili; windingilngil; wumbularri. Category: Gun.gunma.

wunbali   nominal. cheek, earlobe, temple. Category: Body Parts, Gun.gunma.

WUNGULMA- (1)   verb. act amusingly, play the fool, play up. Variant: WUNGUL-. intransitive: RA. Note: DO WITH BODY wungulma’ray s/he played the fool. wungulma’wurray they played the fool. [Knight (2/98: p. 3)] Category: Verbs: Motion.

WUNGULMA- (2)   verb. act amusingly for, play the fool for. Variant: WUNGUL-. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wungulma’ra s/he played the fool for him/her. wungulma’wurra they played the fool for him/her. [Knight (2/98: p. 3)] Category: Verbs: Impact.

wungulu   nominal. falsetto, voice (funny). Category: Describers. [Knight (NSM:Hard copy:p.96)]

wura   nominal. nose. Category: Body Parts.

WURINYIRRA-   verb. screw, wring, twist, drill. transitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE wurinyirra’wunu s/he screwed it. wurinyirra’wurrunu they screwed it. Category: Verbs: Impact. [Knight (2/98: p.73)]

WURRALA-   verb. punch, knock, hit. transitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE wurrala’wunu s/he punched it. wurrala’wurrunu they punched it. Category: Verbs: Impact.

WURRBA-   verb. sit down. intransitive: NI. Note: GOAL FOCUSSED MOTION wurrba’niy s/he sat down. wurrba’wudiy they sat down. Winthali duwiya’manya niy girrgara’ma wurrba’ni, rawurra yatha’ra. Where there’s smoke from a campfire (Eaglehawk) comes quickly and sits down, he sits above. Category: Verbs: Motion.

wurrbinyi   Variant: wurrbinya. nominal. alone. by oneself. Biyirrantha wurrbinyi, ban.ga’wirrantha muwayu. Those two themselves, they went back to the camp. Category: Describers.

WURRGA-   verb. place, put, put in place, appoint. transitive: YHA. Note: TRANSFER wurrga’yha s/he put it in place. wurrga’wuda they put it in place. Jawuda wurrga’adanya mayi manja’ma jalungurru. When we put baking powder with the damper it makes it good. Wurrga’yhanhingi bidiyuwa “Ngindaji nganggi bunda”. He placed her on his lap for him and said “This is your promised wife.” Category: Verbs: Motion. [Knight (1/97, 2/98:p.4)]

Wurrgunyu   nominal. Wurrgunyu. Wurrgunyu miynhingi he called it Wurrgunyu. Note: Need to find if there is an English name of this place and if it alright to include in the dictionary. Category: Country.

wurrirali   nominal. blowfly, brown. Category: Animals: Insects and Spiders.

WURUGA-   verb. take away, steal, carry away. transitive: RA2. Note: DO WITH BODY TO X OVER TIME wuruga’ra s/he took it away. wuruga’wurra they took it away. Wuruga’winag jibirri warrambaingga. The flood water took them away, downstream. Category: Verbs: Impact. [Knight (1/97:notebook p.107)]

WURULA- (1)   verb. fill up. transitive: WU2. Note: BAD EFFECT;SEPARATE/COMBINE wurula’wunu s/he filled it up. wurula’wurrunu they filled it up. Wurula’wurrunintha nyirrayuwa yamadiyuwa. They filled up that coolamon. Category: Verbs: Impact. [Knight (1/97:notebookp.19)]

WURULA- (2)   verb. fill up, load up. intransitive: NI. Note: BECOME wurula’niy it filled up. wurula’wudiy they filled up. Category: Verbs: State and Change of State. [Knight (1/97:notebookp.19)]

warrgali   nominal. ? Category: Plants.

winthali   nominal. fire.

wirru   nominal. flower. Generic word for flower. Category: Plants.

-warrawarra   nominal suffix. belonging to country. Miliwindiwarrawarra People from Miliwindi. This suffix is used on place names to refer to a group of people who are all from that place. See: -wanggu. Category: Suffixes.

-way   nominal suffix. his (relationship term), their (relationship term). Ngajangiway ngirrginyi His young brother was hungry. This ending occurs on human relationship terms such as ngajangi ‘brother’ or majali ‘mother-in-law’ to indicate that the person referred to is in a person’s possession, i.e. ngajangiway ‘his younger brother’, majaliway ‘his mother-in-law’. Category: Suffixes.

-wanggu   nominal suffix. belonging to country. Miliwindiwanggu Person from that country Miliwindi. This suffix is used on place names to refer to a person who is from that place. The place name together with the suffix may be used to refer to a person who is deceased since it may be taboo to mention their personal name. See: -warrawarra. Category: Suffixes.

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